lady_dalet (lady_dalet) wrote,

про пирамиды и разное - 3

Оригинал взят у mudraya_ptica в про пирамиды и разное - 3
Про пирамиды надо все-таки закончить, а то меня уже опять на что-то другое переключило.
На сайте Британского музея имеется пара тысяч объектов, в описании которых встречается слово pyramid. Из них с картинками примерно половина, что содержит половина без картинок, я не знаю.
Артефакты с изображением ступенчатых пирамид встречаются в разных концах земного шара и отнесены в глубокую древность, кроме поделок из Ганы, честно датированных 18-20 вв.))

Картинки европейских художников с изображением пирамид составляют бОльшую часть результатов поиска. При этом ступенчатые пирамиды на них встречаются крайне редко и непосредственно к пирамидам относятся не всегда. Например, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, одно из семи чудес света, по нынешним представлениям пирамидой вроде бы не являлся, но на картинке представление явно другое.

Mausoleum van Halicarnassus, Crispijn van de Passe (I), after Maerten de Vos, 1614

Хотя, сколько картинок, столько и представлений)), например, тут .

Некоторое число изображенных европейцами европейских пирамид включено в пейзажи с античными руинами и выглядит примерно так

Les Ruines du Peloponese
Capriccio with three ruined Corinthian columns at the right, the pyramid of Cestius pyramid in the background and a vase similar to the Borghese vase at the left, with men and women conversing in the foreground beside water.
Published by: Charles Nicolas Cochin. After: Giovanni Paolo Pannini. Print made by: Pierre François Tardieu
1754-1770. Paris

Руины тут, кстати, римские, а надпись гласит, что это Пелопонес. Так что где был тот Пелопонес, тот еще вопрос)).
Картинок получилось много, они все чудесные, на мой взгляд, сократить их число мне не удалось, поэтому пришлось их поделить. В этом отделении будут "узкие" сооружения из обоих музеев.

Другая часть картинок изображает погребальные пямятники-монументы, что, видимо, являлось в свое время широко распространенной практикой. Но в эту часть они не поместились, еще будут потом.
Не стала соблюдать хронологию. И переводить с английского.


Title (series): Les Actions glorieuses de S. A. S. Charles Duc de Lorraine
Funeral monument to Charles V Duke of Lorraine: captives, Victory, Religion and trophy of arms surrounded a truncated pyramid bearing the portrait of Charles V and his coat of arms, and topped by the urn; finished state of frontispiece to an unpublished book on the Duke of Lorraine.
Print made by: Sébastien Leclerc I. 1703-1704
Curator's comments
From a series of thirty-seven plates consisting of one frontispiece, twelve battles, five maps (one of them engraved by Giffart), a vignette by Soubeyran, six allegorical vignettes, five initial letters, and seven cul-de-lampes. A title ('Les Actions glorieuses de S. A. S. Charles Duc de Lorraine') was added at a later date.
They were meant to illustrate a history of Charles V of Lorraine which was never published. The plates were executed 1703-1704.


Title (series): Villa Angiana (Views of the Castle of Enghien near Hainault)
Frontispiece with title written on the pedestal of a pyramid-shaped monument at centre, several gods and allegorical figures in foreground, two of them holding an ermine with coat of arms and collar of the Golden Fleece, a round colonnade and gardens in background; lettered a-u within composition indicating different locations and figures; frontispiece to a series of nine views of the castle.
Print made by: Romeyn de Hooghe. Published by: Nicolaes Visscher II
Amsterdam. 1680 (c.)
Titled on monument at centre: "VILLA ANGIANA / Vulgo / Het Perc van Anguien".
Signed on the architrave of the round colonnade: "Romanus de Hooghe delin: et sculp:".
Lettered in a frame in lower centre, with publisher's address and three-line dedication to Philippus Carolus: "Serenissimo Principi / D.o D.o PHILIPPO CAROLO, Dei Gratie Duci Arembergio, Arschotio, de Crouy etc / ... ipsum devovit." and "Nicolaus Visscher Amst: Bat: qui suis sumptibus hæc primo in lucem edidit cum Privil: Ordin: General: Belgii Foederati".

Что означали пирамиды на шариках пока не поняла.


Title (series): Achillis Bocchii Bonon. symbolicarum quaestionum de Universo genere quas serio ludebat (Emblems of Achilles Bocchius.)
Plate 48. Fortitude holding a column standing by a pyramid set in a landscape; from a series of 150 engravings.
Print made by: Giulio Bonasone
Bologna. 1555
Lettered along the top 'Felix quistatvit ... est.'


A Persian priest; whole-length figure in profile to right; standing at left; wearing a long cloak and pointed turban; in right background a pyramid-shaped building with smoke issuing from its top; from a series of 127 woodcuts.
Print made by: Melchior Lorck. 1576


An old man seated among classical ruins; a broken sculpture of a satyr at right; leaning against a pedestal on which an owl is sitting; a pyramid in centre background; earlier state.
Print made by: Jonas Umbach. 1645-1700
Curator's comments
BM also has an impression of a later state with the address of Jeremias Wolff Erben


Classical landscape; to the right a statue of Apollo and Daphne and a pyramid, with women dancing below, to left a building with circular colonnade and figures, in the left foreground a figure seated by a river, blowing a horn.
Drawn by: Juriaan Andriessen. 1776


A classical landscape with a circular temple, a pyramid, and an encampment by a bridge
Drawn by: Anonymous. 16thC


Title (series): The Labours of Hercules
Two scenes on one plate: Hercules squeezing Antaeus to death at left, Envy seated at far left; Hercules carrying a column of Gibraltar at right, a pyramid-like sculpture at far right
Print made by: Johannes van Doetecum I. Print made by: Lucas van Doetecum. After: Hans Vredeman de Vries. 1562
Lettered in lower margin: "Antevs a terra svblatvs extingvitvr. Binas comnas orbis tarraram." and " meta / ponit Her."


Frontispiece to an unidentified publication, with a classical monument in between two solomonic columns, sixteen coats of arms on a pyramid-like structure at centre; letterpress on verso
Print made by: Cornelis Galle I.
Antwerp. 1591-1650
Lettered below monument: "Vtrivsqve mvndi regna qvam prope omnia / congesta cernis vnica niti domo / sed vnde tanto ponderi robvr? dedit / cvi sacra semper hæc fvit, cibvs devs.".


Title (series): Les Points Cardinaux
Le Midy
South; woman standing next to a pyramid, under an umbrella, and holding arrows in right hand
Published by: Nicolas Bonnart I. After: Robert Bonnart
Paris. 1670-1718
Lettered with name of designer, publication address: 'NBonnart, ruë St Iaques, à l'aigle', title, and inscription in French.


Title (series): Mascarade à la Grecque
L'auteur des Figures à la Grecque
Plate 10; Petitot's self-portrait (as etched by Bossi), in fantasy costume inspired by Greek architecture; the artist, full-length, standing, wearing tunic with fringed short sleeves over longer sleeved garment, and classical drape from waist; long double sash with Greek key pattern, falling over shoulders, with triangular detail and bells at ends; heavy chain necklace with large circular pendant; a large, striped, parallelogram-shaped hat with chains of bells hanging from both points; and heavy square glasses; he looks to front, his right hand resting on a large volume balanced on a broken pillar, and holding a large set of compasses over a sheet with an architectural plan, gesturing to left with other hand; a measuring stick leant against the pillar, and a Corinthian capital lying upturned on the ground to right; beyond, a pyramid, at right.
Print made by: Benigno Bossi. After: Ennemond Alexandre Petitot
Parma. 1771
Lettered with title, and 'Chev. E.A.Petitot inv. / Gravé par Benigno Bossi'. Numbered 10 top right


Title (series): Views in Egypt, Palestine and other parts of the Ottoman Empire
An Arab Sheik of a village in Egypt
Plate 37 in volume I: Sheik on horseback, holding the reins with his left hand, raising his right, talking to men who stand on the right; birds flying around a pyramid-shaped nest in the background
Published by: Robert Bowyer. After: Luigi Mayer. Print made by: Thomas Milton
London. 1802
Lettered below image with title, artist's name and publication line: "L. Mayer, del. / Published by R. Bowyer, Historic Gallery, Pall Mall, Octr, 1, 1802."


Title (series): Voyages pittoresques et romantiques dans l'ancienne France
Entrée du Château de Présilly
A view of the ruins of the Château of Présilly; a man and woman seen at the entrance to the castle, in the middle of a narrow path; the castle is overgrown with plants; at left, a narrow path leads to another entrance into the castle; at far right, steps leading to another ruin; beyond at right, a fir tree and a pyramid structure in the far distance; from 'Franche-Comté', p. 73.
Print made by: Jean Alaux. Printed by: Godefroy Engelmann I
Paris. 1826
Lettered at lower left below the image with: 'Alaux 1826.'; lettered at lower right with: 'Lith. de Engelmann.'; below at centre, the title: 'Entrée du Château de Présilly. / Franche Comté'.


Title (series): Les sept merveilles du monde
Pharaoh, standing full-length in the foreground, fully armed, with sceptre in left hand; in the background, two pyramids and a column on the right, and an obelisk on the left
Print made by: Abraham Bosse. Published by: Pierre Mariette I. Print made by: Gilles Rousselet. After: Claude Vignon
1639-1640 (circa)
Lettered with producers' names: 'Vignon Inv. - Rousselet fecit', publisher's name, title, and two columns of verses, in French: 'Ma pyramide abbat ces merveilles Illustres... Fut luy mesme esblouy de sa reflexion'.


Ruiter bij piramiden met doodshoofden, Daniël Veelwaard (I), after Haatje Pieters Oosterhuis, 1776 - 1851


Christus geneest een vrouw die aan bloedverlies lijdt, Hans Collaert (I), after Gerard van Groeningen, after 1574
Христос исцеляет женщину, страдающую от потери крови


Afrika, Philipp Andreas Degmair, after Johann Baur, 1719 - 1749


Landschap met fantasie-architectuur en piramide, Giovanni Battista Pittoni (I), 1560 - 1570


Arcadisch landschap met vijf badende vrouwen, Adolf van der Laan, after Johannes Glauber, 1721
Пейзаж Аркадии с пятью купальщицами, слева пирамидальной формы гробница. На заднем плане вилла на холме.


Allegorische figuren bij een triomfboog, Christiaan Hagen, after Gerard de Lairesse, 1677


Battle of the Pyramids, Dirk Langendijk, 1803
Дирк Лангендижк был плодовитым рисовальщиком, специализируясь на военных сценах с многочисленными маленькими фигурками. Его стиль был надлежащим содержательным. Тем не менее, хотя некоторые в военных столкновениях стреляющего место в Нидерландах во время революционного периода 1789-1799, он основывал большую часть его описаний на его собственном воображении. Это было в битве при пирамидах в 1798 году, что французская армия Наполеона разгромила египетских мамелюков.

Tags: картины

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